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11. The National Archives recommendations for censuses

Search machines on web sites differ, and so they may also alter as time passes, nevertheless the National that is original archives never change. For those who have a full guide, you need to use it to locate a typical page on Ancestry.co.uk or on Findmypast.co.uk, even although you have acquired it from a new website, or from several other supply. This will be specially of good use whenever an individual can be located utilizing title search on a single web site, not on another, as a result of variations in transcription.

You will probably find census sources quoted in publications and articles, and you may must also understand how to utilize them if you’re consulting our online and hard-copy road indexes (see part 4.2).

A census guide has three primary elements; a division (page) rule, a set quantity, and a bit quantity. The division and show codes for every single census are year:

A piece may include a huge selection of pages, so additional information is needed to get the place that is right a piece. The census returns for many years have a format that is single but you will find somewhat various plans for 1841 and 1911.

Census returns from 1851 to 1901

The additional refererence is really a folio number and (optionally) a full page number.

Each piece contains several enumeration books with numbered pages. Later on, folio figures had been stamped at the top right corner of each and every page that is right-hand beginning at the start of the piece and continuing through all of the enumeration publications. Each folio represents the page where it appears and the following page since folio numbers appear only on alternate pages. Consequently a set, piece and folio guide allows you to find the perfect set of pages but a full page quantity may be put into the guide to determine a page that is single if needed, as with this example through the 1891 census:

The National Archives guide with this web web page, through the 1891 census, is RG 12/1822, Folio 156, web Page 5.

Both Ancestry.co.uk and Findmypast.co.uk provide a precise reference search center for every single census year.

The 1841 census

Each piece in 1841 is further divided in to books, therefore a complete reference requires to add a guide quantity following the piece quantity, as an example HO 107/1298/8. Each book then contains its series that is own of figures.

The 1911 census

For the time that is first household schedules had been kept, as opposed to being copied into enumeration publications. Each piece represents an enumeration region, and in place of folio figures, each home includes a schedule that is unique within the top right-hand part, to ensure a guide may be in the format RG 14/26288 Sch 227.

Organizations and vessels would not have routine figures, rather the information ended up being recorded directly into unique enumeration books with numbered pages, like in past census years.

12. Censuses for Scotland and Ireland

Scotland, 1841-1911

Search and view the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (Ј).

Census returns for Scotland are nearly identical in format to those for England and Wales, with the exception of 1911, whenever likewise detailed information had been collected but ended up being copied into enumeration publications as with past years, so are there no home schedules or enumerators’ summary books.

Indexes into the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 will also be available on Ancestry.co.uk (Ј) and Findmypast.co.uk (Ј). Neither of the indexes has links to digitised pictures.

Unfortuitously, few 19th-century Irish census returns have actually survived; many had been lost as soon as the Public Record workplace had been destroyed into the fire during the Four Courts in Dublin 1922. Just the 1901 and 1911 censuses survived, along with a tremendously tiny amount of earlier in the day returns. View digitised and indexed images of this Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51 (including Ireland that is northern the National Archives of Ireland site.

13. Uk colonies and protectorates

Censuses had been additionally consumed numerous Uk colonies on exactly the same times as with great britain. Surviving documents among these will ordinarily be located when you look at the national country of beginning, rather than when you look at the National Archives. The only exceptions to this are:

  • Census of settlers and convicts in brand New South Wales and Tasmania 1828 in HO 10/21-27. These papers is installed totally free as Digital microfilm. a name-indexed version is additionally online at Ancestry.co.uk ( Ј )
  • Census of Surinam 1811 in CO 278/15-25. A few of the documents have been in English, nevertheless the bulk have been in Dutch
  • Census (regarding the white populace just) of Barbados 1715 in CO 28/16
  • Census of Sierra Leone: ‘population and liberated Africans’ 1831 in CO 267/111
  • Census of Heligoland 1881 in CO 122/37

14. Other useful online resources

Access census street indexes inside our internet Archive. As with every content when you look at the British Government online Archive, these are archived pages which can be not any longer modified or updated.

Learn about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of guy. the Your Archives pages now held in britain Government online Archive.

Browse Vision of Britain for reports according to information from censuses as much as 1971, or seek out census information relating to a district or town

Consult The on line Historical Population Reports for online use of the complete populace reports for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937 and considerable history information, including samples of documents.

15. Further reading

Use our collection catalogue to get a suggested guide list. The publications are typical for sale in The National Archives’ guide library. You might also manage to locate them in a regional collection.

Look at the nationwide Archives’ bookshop for a selection of magazines relating to census documents.

Search our blog sites for articles concerning the census.

Watch the video Census records: an introduction, by Audrey Collins.

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